Sporting Clube de Portugal, OM, ComC, MHIH, or Sporting CP, is a sports club based in Lisbon, Portugal, that is best known for its football team. The club is referred to simply as Sporting in Portuguese-speaking countries; in English-speaking countries it is often named as Sporting Lisbon (in part to differentiate from other organisations such as Sporting de Gijón).
As of 23 May 2016, Sporting is the world’s sixth-largest club in terms of club members (140,000) and is one of the “Três Grandes” (Big Three) football clubs in Portugal.
Founded in Lisbon on 1 July 1906, Sporting were a founding member of the Primeira Liga and, along with rivals S.L. Benfica and FC Porto, have never been relegated from the top flight of Portuguese football since its establishment in 1934. Sporting are the third most successful Portuguese football club, with 46 titles in all the Portuguese competitions and one international title, the 1963–64 European Cup Winners’ Cup.
Sporting’s football youth academy system has developed players such as Paulo Futre, Simão, Nani, Ricardo Quaresma and Ballon d’Or recipients Cristiano Ronaldo and Luís Figo.